Swaraj is my birthright, and I shall have it!
“स्वराज्य हा माझा जन्मसिद्ध हक्क आहे आणि तो मी मिळवणारच”
After all, our Killers are our …Brothers!?
The geologist takes up the history of the earth at the point where the archaeologist leaves it, and carries it further back into remote antiquity.
Our nation is like a tree of which the original trunk is swarajya and the branches are swadeshi and boycott.
If god put up with untouchability,I wiil not call him god.
If we trace the history of any nation backwards into the past, we come at last to a period of myths and traditions which eventually fade away into impenetrable darkness.
To be successful, you need family and friends but, to be very successful, you need enemies and competitors.
Without self-government neither industrial progress is possible, nor will the educational scheme be useful to the nation.
• Biography Of Lokmanya Tilak •
July 23, 1856, Ratnagiri (now in Maharashtra state)
August 1, 1920, Mumbai, British India (now in Maharashtra state)
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was born in a Chitpavan Brahmin family as Keshav Gangadhar Tilak on July 23, 1856 in Ratnagiri. His ancestral village was Chikhali,a small coastal village in south-western Maharashtra. His father, a school teacher and a Sanskrit scholar, His mother’s name was Paravti Bai .Following his father’s transfer, the family shifted to Pune. In 1871 Tilak was married to Tapibai who was later rechristened as Satyabhamabai. His father played an influential role in Tilak’s early life. Much of his early education was attained at home. Though highly intelligent, he was extremely mischievous and as such abhorred by his teachers. Tilak was a brilliant student. As a child, He had an intolerant attitude towards injustice and had independent opinions from an early age Since young, he singled out everywhere, due to his independent views and strong opinion. He did not compromise on his opinion for anyone and thus was quite different from other boys of his age. In 1877, he completed his university studies from Deccan College in Pune, thus becoming one of the few Indians to receive modern college education. He attained a BA degree. Tilak studied L.L.B. at the Government Law College, Bombay (now Mumbai). He received his law degree in 1879…Immediately after completing his education, he became a mathematics teacher in a private school in Pune. However, following ideological differences with his colleagues, he took up journalism as profession. Following a disagreement with the school authorities he quit and helped found a school in 1880 that laid emphasis on nationalism. Though, he was among India’s first generation of youths to receive a modern, college education, Tilak strongly criticised the educational system followed by the British in India. He protested against the unequal treatment of the Indian students compared to their British peers and its total disregard for India’s cultural heritage.
Along with Gopal Ganesh Agarkar, Mahadev Ballal Namjoshi and Vishnushastri Chiplunkar, he founded the Deccan Education Society. The society aimed at teaching young Indians about nationalist ideas by emphasizing on Indian culture. It intended to impart quality education to Indian youth. In 1885, Deccan Education Society founded the New English School for secondary education and Fergusson College for post-secondary studies. He served as a professor of mathematics in the latter. but when Tilak learned that some members were keeping outside earnings for themselves, he resigned. He then turned to the task of awakening the political consciousness of the people through two weekly newspapers that he owned and edited: Kesari (The Lion),in Marathi, and The Mahratha, published in English. Through those newspapers Tilak became widely known for his bitter criticisms of British rule and of those moderate nationalists who advocated social reforms along Western lines and political reforms along constitutional lines. His article inspired the Chapekar brothers and they carried out assassination of Commissioner Rand and Lt. Ayerst on June 22, 1897. As a result of this, Tilak was imprisoned for 18 months on Sedition charges for inciting murder.In 1894, he initiated the Ganesh Utsav making it a public event. A year later, he founded the Shivaji Fund Committee to celebrate the birth anniversary of Shivaji Maharaj.
Tilak opposed the moderate views of Gopal Krishna Gokhale, and was supported by fellow Indian nationalists Bipin Chandra Pal in Bengal and Lala Lajpat Rai in Punjab. They were referred to as the “Lal-Bal-Pal triumvirate”. In 1907, the annual session of the Congress Party was held at Surat, Gujarat. Trouble broke out over the selection of the new president of the Congress between the moderate and the radical sections of the party . The party split into the radicals faction, led by Tilak, Pal and Lajpat Rai, and the moderate faction. Nationalists like Aurobindo Ghose, V. O. Chidambaram Pillai were Tilak supporters.
During 1908-1914, Bal Gangadhar Tilak spent had to undergo six years of rigorous imprisonment in Mandalay Jail, Burma. In 1905, he started Boycott and Swadeshi movement. .He openly supported the revolutionaries Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki’s efforts to assassinate Chief Presidency Magistrate Douglas Kingsford in 1908. He continued to write during his years of imprisonment and the most prominent of which is Gita Rahasya.While the former aimed at boycotting anything connected to the West from foreign good to foreign clothes, the latter professed use of Indian-produced goods and services.In 1916 he rejoined the Congress Party and signed the historic Lucknow Pact, a Hindu-Muslim accord, with Mohammed Ali Jinnah, the future founder of Pakistan. Tilak visited England in 1918 as president of the Indian Home Rule League.He openly supported the revolutionaries Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki’s efforts to assassinate Chief Presidency Magistrate Douglas Kingsford in 1908. He continued to write during his years of imprisonment and the most prominent of which is Gita Rahasya. Tilak visited England in 1918 as president of the Indian Home Rule League. He realized that the Labour Party was a growing force in British politics, and he established firm relationships with its leaders. His foresight was justified: it was a Labour government that granted independence to India in 1947.
Tilak was so disappointed by the brutal incident of Jalianwala Bagh massacre that his health started declining. Despite his illness, Tilak issued a call to the Indians not to stop the movement no matter what happened. He was raring to lead the movement but his health did not permit. Tilak suffered from diabetes and had become very weak by this time. July 1920, his condition worsened and he passed away on August 1. Tilak’s funeral was organised in Mumbai at Chowpatty. His funeral was attended by more than 2 lakh people including Mahatma Gandhi, which was the largest in the Indian history.